Originally established in 1906, Barrhead's position as a major trade center on the historic Klondike Trail gave it a significant role in the settlement of northwestern Alberta. The rich history of the area can be revisited at the Museum, including a very interesting map showing the meandering of the Klondike Trail through the County of Barrhead. The Barrhead & District Historical Society operates the museum on a volunteer basis, and a museum curator is hired on part time. The museum features a vast collection of artifacts depicting the pioneering lifestyle of the settlers in Barrhead.
A complete collection of the local newspaper and an archive are housed at the museum, and also featured is the third largest collection of African artifacts in Canada.
The museum also hosts the Barrhead visitor information centre May to September.